One of the best ways to get easy access to every program and every file on your computer is to put shortcuts to their folders in your Dock.
Drag the Document Folder and Applications folder from the Finder to the right side of the dotted line, make sure a space opens up, and drop them there.
Then, click your mouse on one of the folders and hold the button down (or Right-click, or Ctrl-Click). A list of options will appear. Under “View Content As”, select “List”.
If you select “Display As…”, then “Folder”, the icon won’t keep changing every time you open up a document or program.
The folder contents will appear in an alphabetical list. If you have subfolders, point at them and their contents will fly out. Click on the file you want to open it.
Now, you can get to any file or program in just one click!